There are testimonials, many many
testimonials, from the records of soldiers who defended Logroño and Sevilla de Oro when they were mining centers and they went back to the old
country and applied for noble titles for pensions, mostly for pensions, and for
land. And so, there would be a court sessions held where people would testify.
They would say, “Yes, this person did so-and-so, and yes they defended Logroño, and they were there for ‘X’ number of years.” And and this was all written down
by the court scribes and has survived to this day in the in the Archive of the Indies.
These maps were all produced in the very first atlas that was ever made by Ortelius, and Ortelius, Abraham Ortelius, was living in the kingdom of Brabant
which is now part of, part it’s in Belgium, part of its and the Netherlands.
So it says that this is a copy from 1574 Now, he also says in this book,
and this is chronicled elsewhere, This coastline is not by the same author,
it’s much much older it’s by a guy by the name of Leon. Now what do we know about this?
Well, Diego Mendez in 1574 was in the same place waiting for a ship to go from,
which is now Dominican Republic, Hispaniola,
he was waiting to get on a ship to go to Seville, in Spain. And we have that
documented from other sources. So, Juan de Salinas who is the founder of Logroño, at the same time was traveling to Spain
to have his, have his title recognised, as ‘Adelantado’. So… and that meant
that he was no longer governed by the Viceroy, he was governed directly by the
king because Juan de Salinas thought he was being ripped off by the Viceroy and
not getting his adequate cut of the gold. So, he went specifically back to Seville
to petition the Council of the Indies to have this area in here granted to him as
the adelantado. Right? Now, what we think, the two guys were probably on the
same ship and they went from Santo Domingo in, which is now the Dominican, back
to Seville they were on the same ship and while he was on that ship
Diego Mendez was asked to put together a map with Juan de Salinas looking over his
shoulder of this area which he could present to the Council of the Indies
because he had to have a map saying “this is what, this is what are going to govern.”
Right. We know that. But in this area here it seems to be remarkably
accurate, and the reason why we think Juan de Salinas is brought into this is
because of the Pongo. And Juan de Salinas travelled through the Pongo in 1567 I think was, or ’65? and And this map, remember, was put together in
Flanders and it would have been above five people in the whole of Europe who
would have known that that place was called El Pongo.